- Spectatores leonem moventem viderunt.
- having moved
- about to move
- Puer nesciebat quot animalia _________.
- vulnerata erant
- vulnerata sunt
- vulnerata erunt
- vulnerata essent
- Multi cives convenerunt ut clarum virum viderent.
- when they saw
- in order to see
- who had seen
- no one saw
- Clamoribus auditis, servi in vias cucurrerunt.
- About to hear the shouts
- After the shouts had been heard
- With many shouts
- By shouting loudly
- Multi laudari cupiunt
- to have been praised
- will have been praised
- to be praised
- about to praise
- Dolor matris tantus erat ut loqui non _______ .
- Mirati sunt quae causa difficultatis esset.
- They wonder
- They will wonder
- They wondered
- They had wondered
- Ex urbe quam celerrime descedunt.
- more quickly
- as quickly as possible
- Cui victoriam nuntiavistis?
- By whom
- To whom
- About whom
- From whom
- Let us not discuss the matter now.
- Non disputamus
- Non disputare
- Ne disputemus
- Noli disputare
- Which Roman office was established to protect the rights of the plebeians with the power of veto?
- "Delenda est Carthago" is a famous phrase uttered by the Censor Cato with reference to
- the erruption of Vesuvius
- the Punic Wars
- the fall of the Roman empire
- the plot against Julius Caesar
- The new terms of the agreement referred to piscatory rights. The term piscatory refers to
- In Roman society, the Lares and Penates would be found
- inside the baths
- on a student's desk
- in a Roman household
- at a gladiatorial game
- The significance of Caesar's crossing the Rubicon Riber was that
- his army refused to obey him for the first time
- he was acknowledging his defeat by the Gauls
- the entire army had to swim across
- he was making a decision that could not be changed
Past and Present
Seneca gives his thoughts on life.
In tria tempora vita dividitur: quod fuit, quod est, quod futurum est.
Ex eis, quod agimus breve est, quod acturi sumus dubium, quod
egimus certum. Multi homines sunt tam occupati ut illis non vacet non vacet=there is no time
praeterita respicere; illis tempora praeterita elapsa sunt et eorum praeteritus, -a, -um = past
memoria amittitur. Praesens tempus ita brevissimum est
ut quibusdam hominibus nullum videatur; nam in cursu id semper nullum = no (time)
est et desinit ese antequam advenit; nec magis moram desinit = cease; moram = delay
patitur quam mundus aut sidera. Praesens tempus igitur solum patitur = permit; solum = only
ad occupatos pertinet, quod tam breve est ut capi non possit.
adapted from Seneca, Dialogues, X. 10.
Life is divided into three periods: that which has been, that which is, that which will be. Of these, that which we are living (the present) is brief; that which we are going to live is doubtful; that which we have lived, certain. Many men are so busy (occupied) that there is no time for them to look back at the past; for them past times have slipped by and the memory of them is lost. The present time is so very brief that to certain men it seems like no (time); for it is always in progress, it ceases to be before it has come, and no more permits delay than the universe or the stars. Therefore, the present time only pertains to busy people because it is so brief that it cannot be snatched (grabbed).
- In line 1, the author makes the statement that
- there are three basic truths
- seasons of the year match the stages of life
- the world is divided into three regions
- life is divided into three periods
- In lines 2 and 3 (Ex eis...certum), Seneca states that
- it is difficult to discover the truth
- no one can be expected to learn from the past
- it is human nature to try to accomplish too much
- the future is doubtful
- The author states in lines 3 and 4 (Multi...respicere), that many men
- waste time thinking of the past
- should plan their future more carefully
- do not enjoy the present because they are so busy
- have no time to think about the past
- In lines 4 and 5 (illis...amittitur),"memoria" is described as
- In lines 5-7 (Prasens...advenit), the present time is the briefest because it
- is always in motion
- follows the past
- is doubtful
- anticipates the future
- In lines 7 and 8 (nec...sidera), stopping the passage of time is compared to
- trying st stop chariots on a race course
- delaying the movement of the stars or the earth
- defying the will of the gods
- trying to survive without water or food
- The present time is described in lines 8 and 9 (Praesens...possit) as so brief that
- it cannot be grasped
- one should live for the moment
- no one should think about the future
- it is important to write everything down
- In line 1, the use of quod...quod...quod is an example of
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